Melbourne’s skyline developed rapidly once the first passenger lifts were installed. The L. Stevenson & Sons warehouse in Flinders Lane had two of the first hydraulic goods lifts installed in 1865. However, it was not until the 1880s that a rise in the height of Melbourne’s skyline saw the first passenger lifts installed.

There seems to have been little apprehension surrounding the use of passenger lifts with some existing and many newly constructed high-rise buildings using the technology. The Lombard Building (7 floors/29 metres) became a pioneer of the passenger lift in Melbourne after having some of the first ones installed in 1887 making it the first high-rise in Melbourne to utilise this technology for the use by people, not goods.

 From Collins Street, near Queen Street, looking south-west; includes two of the three identical tall buildings
Melbourne’s big buildings, H2013.223/22

The use of passenger lifts meant that Melbourne was able to reach architectural heights that were unimaginable in the past. The epitome of this was The Australian Building. Construction of this 12 floor (53 metre) office tower on the corner of Elizabeth Street and Flinders Lane was completed in 1889 and it remained the tallest building in Melbourne for over 40 years. During its construction, two hydraulic passenger lifts were installed.

Australian building, built in 1889 and demolished 1980, the tallest building in Melbourne from 1889- 1929.

Australian Building, Melbourne, H2013.223/27a

Even the architectural masterpiece, the Royal Exhibition Building in Carlton, recognised the need to embrace the new technology. A lift to the dome was installed for Centennial celebrations in 1888. This allowed people to gain access to the view from the external promenade preventing them from having to use the previous method of walking up 80 steep steps.

Timeline of Melbourne’s tallest buildings

1876
Yorkshire Brewery Tower, Collingwood- 8 floors

1888
Fink’s Building, Elizabeth Street – 10 floors; 43 metres

1889
The Australian (APA) Building, Elizabeth Street- 12 floors; 53 metres

1932
Manchester Unity Building, Collins Street-  13 floors; 64 metres

1955
Orica House (previously ICI House), Nicholson Street – 20 floors; 81 metres

1962
CRA Building, Collins Street- 26 floors; 95 metres

1969
AMP Square, Bourke Street- 28 floors; 113 metres

1971
Marland House, Bourke Street – 32 floors; 121 metres

1972
140 Williams Street– 41 floors; 152 metres

1975
Optus House, Collins Street- 34 floors; 153 metres

1977
Nauru House, 80 Collins Street- 52 floors; 182 metres

1980
ANZ Tower, Collins Place- 56 floors; 185 metres

1986
Rialto Towers, Collins Street- 63 floors; 251 metres

2006
Eureka Tower– 92 floors; 297.3 metres

 

Bibliography

Cannon, M. (1975). Life in the Cities, West Melbourne, Victoria: Thomas Nelson Australia.

Doyle, H., Schmeder, N., Johnston, C. & Walker, J. (2011). Thematic History – A History of the City of Melbourne’s Urban Environment: Planning for future growth. City of Melbourne. Retrieved from

Goad, P. (2009). Melbourne architecture. NSW: The Watermark Press Boorowa.

Latreille, Anne. ‘The ups and downs in the world of lifts’. The Age, 3 March 1981

Wilson, G. & Sands, P. (1981). Building A City: 100 years of Melbourne architecture, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

Websites

Carlton Community

eMelbourne

Emporis

Walking Melbourne

Wikipedia. List of tallest buildings in Melbourne

 
Written by Sian Sewell, Industry Placement Student, Collection Development & Discovery

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