Collectible cards in boxes
Original boxes and tins, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

Whether you prefer footy cards or Pokémon, avid collectors and those with children will no doubt be familiar with the infinite series of collectible cards produced each year, and the challenges associated with keeping them organised!

Collectible cards as we know them today have a very long tradition, dating back to the mid-late nineteenth century with the production of cigarette cards. While it could be argued that today’s glossy cards lack the illustrated charm of earlier examples, one notable upside to these modern varieties is they won’t harm your health!

Original housing, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

History of cigarette cards

Cigarette cards first emerged in the USA in the mid-late nineteenth century with the introduction of pre-rolled cigarettes to the market. Small pieces of card, known as ‘stiffeners’, were inserted to protect the contents of soft cigarette packets and were soon recognised for their marketing potential. These cards were initially printed with tobacco company advertisements. However, before too long, an enterprising entrepreneur had the idea of issuing limited illustrated series to reward loyal customers and inspire a community of collectors. The UK tobacco companies promptly caught on and W.D. and H.O. Wills soon became the most prolific manufacturer of cigarette cards worldwide.

cigarette cards
W.D. & H.O Wills, Beauties in Picture Hats, 1914, Box 3, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

Cigarette cards sported a range a subjects including natural history, war, cricket, football, famous paintings and actresses, wildflowers, animals, exotic places and historical events. By the early 1900s, the backs of cards were commonly printed with explanatory text relating to the series or the subject of the individual card. A complete set, while ordinarily comprising 25 or 50 cards, could include up to 100 cards, and with select cards in limited circulation, repeat custom was encouraged.

W.D. & H.O Wills, First Aid, 1913, Box 3, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

From relatively modest beginnings, the production of cigarette cards soon became a booming industry, employing many artists and writers to keep up with demand for quality content.

cigarette cards
W.D. & H.O Wills, Garden Life, 1914, Box 3, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

Australia was a lucrative market, particularly for the English companies, however Melbourne-based Snider & Abrahams were also quite successful. Producing their first series in 1904, Snider & Abrahams incorporated distinctly local themes, such as football and cricket. Military, animal and bird sets were also popular, while the series, ‘Views of Victoria in 1857’ by S.T. Gill fulfilled the collecting desires of those with a leaning towards history and the arts.

cigarette trading card album
Sniders & Abrahams, Cricketers in Action, 1906, Box 10, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes
cigarette cards
Sniders & Abrahams, Animals and Birds, 1912, Box 2, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

The 1930s brought a period of notable richness in the printing quality, with a brightness and detail perhaps lacking in earlier cards. During this time, some manufacturers were also issuing special albums to house specific sets, but this was not to last. Restrictions on the use of paper during the Second World War significantly halted production of cigarette cards worldwide and the industry never fully recovered.

“Turf” cigarettes, Personality series, 1933, Box 1, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes
Special issue cigarette card albums, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

Preservation of the Library’s Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

The Library holds a significant Collection of cigarette cards and boxes, donated by Australian artist Eric Thake (1904-1982) in 1970 on behalf of his friend and collector, Douglas Moule.

The collection includes numerous complete and incomplete sets of cigarette cards dating from early to mid-twentieth century, many in mint condition. It comprises 2193 loose cards, 6 albums and 37 original storage boxes, including cigarette packets and various metal, cardboard and timber boxes.

cigarette cards
Wills Capstan and Navy Cut, Sketches in Black and White, Box 4, 1900-1905, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes
cigarette card album
J. J. Schuh Tobacco, [Victorian Football League players], 1920s, Box 7, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

A wide range of subjects are covered, including Australian football, the First World War, cricket, animals, birds, flowers, celebrities, gardening, military, ships, hot air balloons and many, many more. The majority of the cards are printed reproductions of illustrations, however there are also sets of gelatin silver photographs and some really lovely examples of printed silk sets.  

silk cigarette cards
W.D. & H.O Wills, Australian Wild Flowers (silks), 1913, Box 2, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

These miniature textiles, often incorrectly described as satin, were highly sought after, but also incredibly fragile. Australian silk issues were commonly reinforced with a card backing, which carried the manufacturers details, but in many instances these have been damaged or lost and it is rare to find the complete article. 

cigarette cards in album
W.D. & H.O Wills, Signalling [Flag Semaphore], 1910-1911, Box 9, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

Our Preservation team was recently tasked with rehousing this collection to improve access and to ensure this small, but unique collection is protected for the long term.

While the original boxes and cigarette packets used to store the items had a certain charm about them, they impeded access and increased the risk of damage through handling. The cards were removed for sorting prior to rehousing and the original boxes retained for their historical significance.

vintage cigarette packets
Original cigarette packets, Box 13, Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

Sets were generally grouped together in their original packets, boxes and tins, however there were also a number of unsorted cards. Dion H. Skinner’s ‘Cigarette cards Australian issues and values’ (1983) proved an invaluable reference for the identification the various cards, even if the values were a little out of date!

open book
Sorting the cards into sets prior to rehousing in archival albums

Loose cards were housed in archival plastic sleeves and albums, allowing both sides to be viewed without direct handling. Special issue albums were housed individually in archival phase boxes and the original cigarette packets, boxes and tins were snugly tucked away in custom boxes for ease of viewing without handling.

Left: Loose cards housed in archival polypropylene sleeves. Right: Special issue album housed in archival phase box. Collection of cigarette cards and boxes

If you are interested in exploring this wonderful collection, find more information in the catalogue record.

References

Australian Cartophilic Society Inc. 2014, ‘The Cigarette Card’, accessed 1/06/2020, http://australiancartophilic.org.au/about-us/cigarette-card/

Skinner, DH 1983, ‘Cigarette cards: Australian issues and values’, Rennicks books, Malvern, South Australia.

Whiting, S 2020, ‘What is it that we collect?’ Card World, The Cartophilic Society of Great Britain Ltd., accessed 1/06/2020, https://www.card-world.co.uk/collect/

More to explore

Ephemera collections

Ephemera/advertising collections

W.G. Alma conjuring collection trade cards

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

Terms & Conditions